Publications

Journal Papers and Book Chapters

Blame‑Laden Moral Rebukes and the Morally Competent Robot: A Confucian Ethical Perspective

Authors: Qin Zhu, Tom Williams, Blake Jackson, Ruchen Wen

| Venue: S&EE

2020

Where to Next? The Impact of COVID-19 on Human-Robot Interaction Research

Authors: David Feil-Seifer, Kerstin Haring, Silvia Rossi, Alan Wagner, and Tom Williams

| Venue: T-HRI

2020

Reference in Robotics: A Givenness Hierarchy Theoretic Approach

Authors: Tom Williams, Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: The Oxford Handbook of Reference

2019

An Overview of the Distributed Integrated Cognition Affect and Reflection DIARC Architecture

Authors: Matthias Scheutz, Thomas Williams, Evan Krause, Bradley Oosterveld, Vasanth Sarathy, Tyler Frasca

| Venue: Cognitive Architectures

2019

Dempster-Shafer Theoretic Resolution of Referential Ambiguity

Authors: Tom Williams and Fereshta Yazdani and Prasanth Suresh and Matthias Scheutz and Michael Beetz

| Venue: Autonomous Robots

2018

Enabling Robots to Understand Indirect Speech Acts in Task-Based Interactions

Authors: Gordon Briggs and Tom Williams and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: JHRI

2017

A Consultant Framework for Natural Language Processing in Integrated Robot Architectures

Authors: Tom Williams

| Venue: IIB

2017

The State-of-the-Art in Autonomous Wheelchairs Controlled through Natural Language: A Survey

Authors: Tom Williams and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: RAS

2017

Covert Robot-Robot Communication: Human Perceptions and Implications for Human-Robot Interaction

Authors: Tom Williams and Priscilla Briggs and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: JHRI

2015

Conference Papers

Givenness Hierarchy Theoretic Cognitive Status Filtering

Authors: Poulomi Pal, Lixiao Zhu, Andrea Golden-Lasher, Akshay Swaminathan, and Tom Williams

| Venue: COGSCI

2020

“We Need to Start Thinking Ahead”: The Impact of Social Context on Linguistic Norm Adherence

Authors: Jane Lockshin and Tom Williams

| Venue: COGSCI

2020

An Experimental Ethics Approach to Robot Ethics Education

Authors: Tom Williams and Qin Zhu and Daniel Grollman

| Venue: EAAI

2020

Dempster-Shafer Theoretic Learning of Indirect Speech Act Comprehension Norms

Authors: Ruchen Wen and Mohammed Aun Siddiqui and Tom Williams

| Venue: AAAI

2020

The Confucian Matador: Three Defenses Against the Mechanical Bull

Authors: Tom Williams and Qin Zhu and Ruchen Wen and Ewart J. de Visser

| Venue: alt.HRI

2020

Exploring the Role of Gender in Perceptions of Robotic Noncompliance

Authors: Ryan Blake Jackson and Tom Williams and Nicole M. Smith

| Venue: HRI

2020

Mixed Reality Deictic Gesture for Multi-Modal Robot Communication

Authors: Tom Williams and Matthew Bussing and Sebastian Cabrol and Elizabeth Boyle and Nhan Tran

| Venue: HRI

2019

Tact in Noncompliance: The Need for Pragmatically Apt Responses to Unethical Commands

Authors: Ryan Blake Jackson and Ruchen Wen and Tom Williams

| Venue: AIES

2019

Language-Capable Robots may Inadvertently Weaken Human Moral Norms

Authors: Ryan Blake Jackson and Tom Williams

| Venue: alt.HRI

2019

“Thank You for Sharing that Interesting Fact!”: Effects of Capability and Context on Indirect Speech Act Use in Task-Based Human-Robot Dialogue

Authors: Tom Williams and Daria Thames and Julia Novakoff and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: HRI

2018

A Bayesian Analysis of Moral Norm Malleability during Clarification Dialogues

Authors: Tom Williams and Ryan Blake Jackson and Jane Lockshin

| Venue: CogSci

2018

Quasi-Dilemmas for Artificial Moral Agents

Authors: Daniel Kasenberg and Vasanth Sarathy and Thomas Arnold and Matthias Scheutz and Tom Williams

| Venue: ICRES

2018

Augmenting Robot Knowledge Consultants with Distributed Short Term Memory

Authors: Tom Williams and Ravenna Thielstrom and Evan Krause and Bradley Oosterveld and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: ICSR

2018

Robot: Asker of Questions and Changer of Norms?

Authors: Ryan Blake Jackson and Tom Williams

| Venue: ICRES

2018

Blue Sky Ideas in Artificial Intelligence Education from the EAAI’17 New and Future AI Educator Program

Authors: Eric Eaton and Sven Koenig and Claudia Schulz and Francesco Maurelli and John Lee and Joshua Eckroth and Mark Crowley and Richard Freedman and Rogelio Cardona-Rivera and Tiago Machado and Tom Williams

| Venue: EAAI

2017

A Tale of Two Architectures: A Dual-Citizenship Integration of Natural Language and the Cognitive Map

Authors: Tom Williams and Collin Johnson and Matthias Scheutz and Benjamin Kuipers

| Venue: AAMAS

2017

Resolution of Referential Ambiguity in Human-Robot Dialogue Using Dempster-Shafer Theoretic Pragmatics

Authors: Tom Williams and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: RSS

2017

Differences in Interaction Patterns and Perception for Teleoperated and Autonomous Humanoid Robots

Authors: Maxwell Bennett and Tom Williams and Daria Thames and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: IROS

2017

Referring Expression Generation Under Uncertainty: Algorithm and Evaluation Framework

Authors: Tom Williams and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: INLG

2017

A Framework for Resolving Open-World Referential Expressions in Distributed Heterogeneous Knowledge Bases

Authors: Tom Williams and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: AAAI

2016

Situated Open World Reference Resolution for Human-Robot Dialogue

Authors: Tom Williams and Saurav Acharya and Stephanie Schreitter and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: HRI

2016

Going Beyond Literal Command-Based Instructions: Extending Robotic Natural Language Interaction Capabilities

Authors: Tom Williams, Gordon Briggs, Bradley Oosterveld, Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: AAAI

2015

A Domain-Independent Model of Open-World Reference Resolution

Authors: Tom Williams and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: CogSci

2015

POWER: A Domain-Independent Algorithm for Probabilistic, Open-World Entity Resolution

Authors: Tom Williams and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: IROS

2015

Learning to Recognize Novel Objects in One Shot through Human-Robot Interactions in Natural Language Dialogues

Authors: Evan Krause and Michael Zillich and Tom Williams and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: AAAI

2014

Is Robot Telepathy Acceptable? Investigating Effects of Nonverbal Robot-Robot Communication on Human-Robot Interaction

Authors: Tom Williams and Priscilla Briggs and Nathaniel Pelz and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: RO-MAN

2014

A Dempster-Shafer Theoretic Approach to Understanding Indirect Speech Acts

Authors: Tom Williams and Rafael C.Nunez and Gordon Briggs and Matthias Scheutz and Kamal Premaratne and Manohar N. Murthi

| Venue: IBERAMIA

2014

Grounding Natural Language References to Unvisited and Hypothetical Locations

Authors: Tom Williams and Rehj Cantrell and Gordon Briggs and Paul Schermerhorn and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: AAAI

2013

Trust in Human-Computer Interactions as Measured by Frustration, Surprise, and Workload

Authors: Leanne Hirshfield and Stuart Hirshfield and Sam Hincks and Matt Russell and Rachel Ward and Tom Williams

| Venue: HCII FAC

2011

This is your brain on interfaces: enhancing usability testing with functional near-infrared spectroscopy

Authors: Leanne Hirshfield and Rebecca Gulotta and Stuart Hirshfield and Sam Hincks and Matt Russell and Rachel Ward and Tom Williams, Rob Jacob

| Venue: CHI

2011

Invited and Lightly Refereed Papers

CHAOPT: A Testbed for Evaluating Human-Autonomy Team Collaboration Using the Video Game Overcooked!2

Authors: Justin Bishop, Jaylen Burgess, Cooper Ramos, Jade B. Driggs, Tom Williams, Chad C. Tossell, Elizabeth Phillips, Tyler H. Shaw, and Ewart J. de Visser

| Venue: SIEDS

2020

Designing Augmented Reality Visualizations for Synchronized and Time-Dominant Human-Robot Teaming

Authors: Savannah Paul, Christopher Reardon, Tom Williams, and Hao Zhang,

| Venue: SPIE-XR

2020

Using Augmented Reality to Better Study Human-Robot Interaction

Authors: Tom Williams and Leanne Hirshfield and Nhan Tran and Trevor Grant and Nicholas Woodward

| Venue: VAMR

2020

Investigating the Potential Effectiveness of Allocentric Mixed Reality Deictic Gesture

Authors: Tom Williams and Matthew Bussing and Sebastian Cabrol and Ian Lau and Elizabeth Boyle and Nhan Tran

| Venue: VAMR

2019

Confucian Robot Ethics

Authors: Qin Zhu and Tom Williams and Ruchen Wen

| Venue: CEPE

2019

Augmented, Mixed, and Virtual Reality Enabling of Robot Deixis

Authors: Tom Williams and Nhan Tran and Josh Rands and Neil T. Dantam

| Venue: VAMR

2018

Blame-Laden Moral Rebukes and the Morally Competent Robot: A Confucian Ethical Perspective

Authors: Qin Zhu and Tom Williams and Ryan Blake Jackson

| Venue: BBAI

2018

Dissertation Briefing: Situated Natural Language Interaction in Uncertain and Open Worlds

Authors: Tom Williams

| Venue: AI Matters

2017

Workshop Papers and Late Breaking Reports

Toward Givenness Hierarchy Theoretic Natural Language Generation

Authors: Poulomi Pal and Tom Williams

| Venue: ACS

2020

Toward Forgetting-Sensitive Referring Expression Generation for Integrated Robot Architectures

Authors: Tom Williams and Torin Johnson and Will Culpepper and Kellyn Larson

| Venue: ACS

2020

Enabling Morally Sensitive Robotic Clarification Requests

Authors: Ryan Blake Jackson and Tom Williams

| Venue: ACS

2020

The Influence of Social Embarrassment on Engagement with Publicly Displayed Digital Content

Authors: Ethan Perry, Alexandra Pollock, Tom Williams

| Venue: HCII

2020

Adapting Mixed Reality Robot Communication to Mental Workload

Authors: Nhan Tran

| Venue: HRI Pioneers

2020

Exploring Mixed Reality Robot Communication Under Different types of Mental Workload

Authors: Nhan Tran and Kai Mizuno and Trevor Grant and Thao Phung and Leanne Hirshfield and Tom Williams

| Venue: VAM-HRI

2020

Tradeoffs Between Effectiveness and Social Perception When Using Mixed Reality to Supplement Gesturally Limited Robots

Authors: Jared Hamilton and Nhan Tran and Tom Williams

| Venue: VAM-HRI

2020

Exploring Interaction Design Considerations for Trustworthy Language-Capable Robotic Wheelchairs in Virtual Reality

Authors: Nicholas Woodward and Teresa Nguyen and Lixiao Zhu and Carter Fowler and Taewoo Kim and Stacia Near and Stephen Thoemmes and Tom Williams

| Venue: VAM-HRI

2020

Investigating Confidence-Based Category Transition of Spatial Gestures

Authors: Adam Stogsdill and Thao Phung and Tom Williams

| Venue: HRI:NLG

2020

Toward Morally Sensitive Robotic Communication

Authors: Ryan Blake Jackson

| Venue: HRI Pioneers

2019

Generating Appropriate Responses to Inappropriate Robot Commands

Authors: Ryan Blake Jackson

| Venue: AIES Student Program

2019

The Reality-Virtuality Interaction Cube: A Framework for Conceptualizing Mixed-Reality Interaction Design Elements for HRI

Authors: Tom Williams and Daniel Szafir and Tathagata Chakraborti

| Venue: HRI LBRs

2019

Towards A Role Ethics Approach to Command Rejection

Authors: Ruchen Wen and Ryan Blake Jackson and Tom Williams and Qin Zhu

| Venue: DARK-HRI

2019

On Perceived Social and Moral Agency in Natural Language Capable Robots

Authors: Ryan Blake Jackson and Tom Williams

| Venue: DARK-HRI

2019

The Reality-Virtuality Interaction Cube

Authors: Tom Williams and Daniel Szafir and Tathagata Chakraborti

| Venue: VAM-HRI

2019

Toward Allocentric Mixed-Reality Deictic Gesture

Authors: Tom Williams and Matthew Bussing and Sebastian Cabrol and Ian Lau

| Venue: VAM-HRI

2019

Toward Ethical Natural Language Generation for Human-Robot Interaction

Authors: Tom Williams

| Venue: HRI LBRs

2018

Investigating Interactions with Teleoperated and Autonomous Humanoids Using a Suit-Based VR Teleoperation Interface

Authors: Maxwell Bennett and Tom Williams and Daria Thames and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: VAM-HRI

2018

A Framework for Robot-Generated Mixed-Reality Deixis

Authors: Tom Williams

| Venue: VAM-HRI

2018

A Hands-Free Virtual-Reality Teleoperation Interface for Wizard-of-Oz Control

Authors: Nhan Tran and Josh Rands and Tom Williams

| Venue: VAM-HRI

2018

“Who Should I Run Over?”: Long-Term Ethical Implications of Natural Language Generation

Authors: Tom Williams

| Venue: HRI:LHRT

2018

Combinatorial Inference of Multi-modal Observations

Authors: Neil T. Dantam and Tom Williams and Hao Zhang

| Venue: ICRA Extended Abstracts

2018

Challenges in Responding to Malicious Robot-Directed Commands

Authors: Ryan Blake Jackson and Tom Williams

| Venue: RSS:WAR

2018

Towards Robot Knowledge Consultants Augmented with Distributed Short Term Memory

Authors: Tom Williams and Evan Krause and Bradley Oosterveld and Ravenna Thielstrom and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: RSS:MRHRC

2018

Towards Givenness and Relevance-Theoretic Open World Reference Resolution

Authors: Tom Williams and Evan Krause and Bradley Oosterveld and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: RSS:MRHRC

2018

Workload-Driven Modulation of Mixed-Reality Robot-Human Communication

Authors: Leanne Hirshfield and Tom Williams and Natalie Sommer and Trevor Grant and Senem Velipasalar Gursoy

| Venue: ICMI:MCPMD

2018

Referring Expression Generation Under Uncertainty in Integrated Robot Architectures

Authors: Tom Williams and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: RSS:HCR

2017

Spatial Referring Expression Generation for HRI: Algorithms and Evaluation Framework

Authors: Lars Kunze and Tom Williams and Nick Hawes and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: AI-HRI

2017

Architectural Mechanisms for Situated Natural Language Understanding in Uncertain and Open Worlds

Authors: Tom Williams

| Venue: AAAI-DC

2016

Resolution of Referential Ambiguity Using Dempster-Shafer Theoretic Pragmatics

Authors: Tom Williams and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: AI-HRI

2016

Towards More Natural Human-Robot Dialogue

Authors: Tom Williams

| Venue: HRI Pioneers

2015

Towards Situated Open World Reference Resolution

Authors: Tom Williams and Stephanie Schreitter and Saurav Acharya and Matthias Scheutz

| Venue: AI-HRI

2015

Novel Mechanisms for Natural Human-Robot Interactions in the DIARC Architecture

Authors: Matthias Scheutz and Gordon Briggs and Rehj Cantrell and Evan Krause and Tom Williams and Richard Veale

| Venue: AAAI-IRS

2013

Theses